DD means developmental disability. A developmental disability is a mental or physical impairment that starts before age 22, continues indefinitely, and causes substantial difficulties in self-care, language, mobility, self-direction, independent living, learning and economic self-sufficiency. Specific examples include intellectual or cognitive disability, cerebral palsy, autism and various genetic and chromosomal conditions such as Down syndrome and Fragile X syndrome. Developmental disabilities can range in severity from mild to profound based on an individual's needs for supports. The incidence rate for developmental disabilities is 1-2 percent of the population in the Western world.
IEP is the individual education plan. It is a written statement developed by the parents and school district staff. The plan specifies the child's educational goals, what special education and related services will be provided, and how they will be provided.
ISP is the individual service plan. It is a formal document that outlines the services, supports, and goals that meet the individual's desired outcomes and needs.
Person-Centered Planning (PCP) is a process of gathering information for planning that starts with listening to the individual and his/her family to learn what is important to them and their desired outcomes. It focuses on empowering and supporting the individual to have a valued life in the community while ensuring health and safety. It identifies services and supports that ensure the individuals have control in life, work toward their desired outcomes and enable community participation and health and safety.
Respite Care means appropriate short-term, temporary care that is provided to an individual who has a substantial developmental disability to sustain the family structure or to meet planned or emergency needs of the family. Care is provided by trained respite providers within the family home or in an approved respite home.
A Support Administrator (SA) is a County Board staff person who helps individuals to explore and develop services and supports they choose for themselves and that assist them to live, learn, and work in the community to the greatest extent possible. An SA can work with individuals and their families to identify and address issues and concerns, find resources, and provide information. SA's also assist the community in learning more about the unique capabilities of people who have DD.
Service Coordinator is a process of assisting individuals and families to identify and acquire the appropriate services and supports they choose for themselves within the diverse resources available.
SSI stands for Supplemental Security Income, a federal program that makes monthly cash payments to people with handicaps, no matter how young a person is, and to adults, even if they have never worked.